The following terminology is used frequently throughout this website to describe NPA goals, strategies and areas of focus. For more information on NPA goals and objectives, please see the National Stakeholder Strategy for Achieving Health Equity.
The comprehensive health care reform law enacted in March 2010 is known as the Affordable Care Act. The law was enacted in two parts: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law on March 23, 2010 and was amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 on March 30, 2010. (Source: https://www.healthcare.gov/where-can-i-read-the-affordable-care-act/)
Frontline public health workers who are trusted members of and /or have an unusually close understanding of the community served. (Source: http://www.apha.org/policies-and-advocacy/public-health-policy-statements/policy-database/2014/07/09/14/19/support-for-community-health-workers-to-increase-health-access-and-to-reduce-health-inequities )
Formal and informal partnerships where parties from the government, nonprofit and/or for-profit sectors are collaborating toward a common goal and aiming to maximize the impact of available resources. (Source: http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/oah-initiatives/teen_pregnancy/training/Assests/2014%20Conference/maximizing_resources_crosssector.pdf)
The future leaders of America, including students and individuals who have recently joined the professional workforce.
Attainment of the highest level of health for all people. Achieving health equity requires valuing everyone equally with focused and ongoing societal efforts to address avoidable inequalities, historical and contemporary injustices, and the elimination of health and healthcare disparities. (Source: http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/files/Plans/NSS/NSS_05_Section1.pdf)
A particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social or economic disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater social and/or economic obstacles to health and/or a clean environment based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion.
The enhanced National CLAS Standards are a comprehensive series of guidelines that inform, guide and facilitate practices related to culturally and linguistically appropriate health services (Source: https://www.thinkculturalhealth.hhs.gov/pdfs/NationalCLASStandardsFactSheet.pdf)
A form of mentorship that takes place between a person who has lived through a specific experience (the peer mentor) and a person who is new to that experience (the peer mentee). (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer_mentoring )
Conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. (Source: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-health)